Women Group land ownership
Access to productive resources such as land, modern inputs, technology, education and financial services is a critical determinant of agricultural productivity.
Agriculture is important to women, but female farmers have less access to the productive resources and services required by agricultural producers. Women are less likely than men to own land or livestock, adopt new technologies, use credit or other financial services, or to receive education or extension advice. In some cases, women do not even control the use of their own time. (FAO, 2011)
Female farmers are largely excluded from modern contract-farming arrangements because they lack secure control over land, family labor and other resources required to guarantee delivery of a reliable flow of produce. While men control the contracts, much of the farm work done on contracted plots is performed by women as family laborers.
“Collective approach” this would involve providing groups of landless women with credit for leasing or purchasing land, and encouraging them to cultivate it jointly. While collective ownership and management can raise its own challenges, groups can help resolve many of the difficulties women face as individuals. Being part of a group helps in mobilizing funds for capital investment and exploiting economies of scale, and leads to labour sharing and cooperation in product marketing. (Agarwal, 2003)
A women village or district grouping is a voluntary association of women producers or rural women consumers with common economic and social interests. A women cooperative is a society of women whose objective is to promote the economic and social interests of their members through cooperation.
This is to affirm that, the NGO in providing sufficient resources for implementing programs and projects on a women group or cooperative of 15, 20 or 50 persons, group in access land and productive resources, have a large impact in acting on public service compared in providing assistance on individual person.
Agriculture is important to women, but female farmers have less access to the productive resources and services required by agricultural producers.